The food components fulfill many functions in the body. The so-called macronutrients are

  • proteins,
  • fats and
  • carbohydrates.
They serve as sources of energy and building blocks for tissue formation or maintenance. Patients have an increased need for these nutrients during wound healing.

Did you know, for example, that one liter of wound fluid (exudate) contains up to 30 g of protein and that the body can lose as much as 100 g of protein per day due to extremely draining wounds?

In addition to the macronutrients, the body also needs the so-called micronutrients, which include vitamins and minerals. These serve as coordinators and conductors of the complex processes of the body's metabolism. They help with these processes or control them.

Often the micronutrients influence each other. For example, the minerals zinc, magnesium and vitamins C, B12 and folic acid fulfill particularly central functions in the body. They are essentially for processes such as tissue regeneration, immune defense or energy metabolism. All of these processes are also essential for successful wound healing.